Debian shared

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This guide is intended to systems where can be more than one DAViCal installation, and permissions are not open to other users in the system or in Apache websites.

Systems tested:

Software versions tested:

  • DAViCal 1.1.3.1
  • PostgreSql 9.1

Install guide

Install PostgreSQL service, HTTP service and PHP specific components:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install postgresql task-web-server php5-curl php5-cgi

Install current DAViCal version with wheezy dependencies:

sudo apt-get install davical davical-doc

(optional) If you want a newer version of DAViCal; Create Jessie repository entry to update only DAViCal:

DebLine="$(cat /etc/apt/sources.list | grep -e '^deb .* wheezy.* main' | grep -ve 'updates')"
echo "$DebLine" | sed -e 's|wheezy|jessie|g' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jessie.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install davical davical-doc
# Disable Jessie repository:
DebLines="$(cat /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jessie.list | sed -e 's|^|#|g')"
echo "$DebLines" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jessie.list
sudo apt-get update

Prepare the DAViCal database values

DatabaseName=mycaldb
DBUsername_dba=mycaluser_dba
DBUsername_app=mycaluser_app
DBPassword=12345
AdminPassword=1234

Add open permissions temporarily for the installation scripts:

MediumPgVersion="$(psql --version | grep -ie "sql" | tr -s " " "\n" | tail --lines=1 | cut -f 1,2 -d ".")"
PgConfig="/etc/postgresql/${MediumPgVersion}/main/pg_hba.conf"
sudo mv "$PgConfig" "${PgConfig}.davical-bak"
sudo cp -a "${PgConfig}.davical-bak" "$PgConfig"
echo "# Permissions for the DAViCal CMS" | sudo tee "$PgConfig"
echo "local $DatabaseName $DBUsername_dba trust" | sudo tee --append "$PgConfig"
echo "local $DatabaseName $DBUsername_app trust" | sudo tee --append "$PgConfig"
echo "" | sudo tee --append "$PgConfig"
sudo cat "${PgConfig}.davical-bak" | sudo tee --append "$PgConfig"
# Service name can be only "postgresql" or more:
sudo service postgresql-${MediumPgVersion} reload

Apply a temporary patch to creation script:

CScript="/usr/share/davical/dba/create-database.sh"
sudo mv "$CScript" "${CScript}.davical-bak"
sudo cp -a "${CScript}.davical-bak" "$CScript"
cat "${CScript}.davical-bak" | sed -e "s/DBNAME=.*/DBNAME=${DatabaseName}/g" | sed -e "s/AWL_DBAUSER=.*/AWL_DBAUSER=${DBUsername_dba}/g" | sed -e "s/AWL_APPUSER=.*/AWL_APPUSER=${DBUsername_app}/g" | sudo tee "$CScript"

Apply a temporary patch to update script:

UScript="/usr/share/davical/dba/update-davical-database"
sudo mv "$UScript" "${UScript}.davical-bak"
sudo cp -a "${UScript}.davical-bak" "$UScript"
cat "${UScript}.davical-bak" | sed -e "s/\$dbname = .*/\$dbname = \"${DatabaseName}\";/g" | sed -e "s/\$dbuser = .*/\$dbuser = \"${DBUsername_dba}\";/g" | sed -e "s/\$appuser = .*/\$appuser = \"${DBUsername_app}\";/g" | sed -e "s/\$dbpass = .*/\$dbpass = \"${DBPassword}\";/g" | sudo tee "$UScript"

(only fresh install) Run main installation script and take note of the shown password for the 'admin' user:

sudo su -l postgres -c "$CScript" "$DatabaseName" "$AdminPassword"

(only restoration of a backup) Restore data and run update script:

echo "DROP DATABASE IF EXISTS mycaldb;" | sudo su -l postgres -c psql
echo "DROP USER IF EXISTS mycaluser_dba;" | sudo su -l postgres -c psql
sudo su -l postgres -c "psql --quiet --file mycaluser_dba.pgdump"
echo "DROP USER IF EXISTS mycaluser_app;" | sudo su -l postgres -c psql
sudo su -l postgres -c "psql --quiet --file mycaluser_app.pgdump"
sudo su -l postgres -c "psql --quiet --file mycaldb.pgdump"
sudo su -l postgres -c "$UScript"

Restore installation scripts to original:

sudo mv "${UScript}.davical-bak" "$UScript"
sudo mv "${CScript}.davical-bak" "$CScript"

(only fresh install) Set password authentication for the database:

echo "ALTER USER $DBUsername_dba WITH PASSWORD '${DBPassword}';" | sudo su -l postgres -c psql
echo "ALTER USER $DBUsername_app WITH PASSWORD '${DBPassword}';" | sudo su -l postgres -c psql

Allow these authenticated access to PostgreSql:

echo "# Permissions for the DAViCal CMS" | sudo tee "$PgConfig"
echo "local $DatabaseName $DBUsername_dba password" | sudo tee --append "$PgConfig"
echo "local $DatabaseName $DBUsername_app password" | sudo tee --append "$PgConfig"
echo "" | sudo tee --append "$PgConfig"
sudo cat "${PgConfig}.davical-bak" | sudo tee --append "$PgConfig"
# Service name can be only "postgresql" or more:
sudo service postgresql-${MediumPgVersion} reload

Create or restore configuration file as /etc/davical/caldav.example.net-conf.php (for a virtualhost caldav.example.net) with its content as in the following example:

<?php
	$c->admin_email = 'admin@example.net';
	$c->system_name = "My CalDAV Server";
	$c->enable_row_linking = true;
	$c->default_locale = 'en_US.UTF-8';
	
	$c->pg_connect[] = 'dbname=mycaldb port=5432 user=mycaluser_app password=12345';

Avoid permissions issues:

sudo chmod a+r /etc/davical/caldav.example.net-conf.php

Create or restore Apache virtualhost with its profile content as in this example:

<VirtualHost *:80 *:8008 *:8800>
	ServerName	caldav.example.net
	DocumentRoot	/usr/share/davical/htdocs
	DirectoryIndex	index.php index.html
	Alias	/images/ /usr/share/davical/htdocs/images/
	<Directory /usr/share/davical/htdocs/>
		AllowOverride None
		Order allow,deny
		Allow from all
	</Directory>
	php_value include_path	/usr/share/awl/inc
	php_value magic_quotes_gpc	0
	php_value magic_quotes_runtime	0
	php_value register_globals	0
	php_value error_reporting	"E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE"
	php_value default_charset	"utf-8"
</VirtualHost>

(Apache may need to be configured in ports.conf to listen also ports 8008 and 8800)

Enable Apache website:

sudo a2ensite caldav.example.net

Login to DAViCAL Admin

If all is going well you should now be able to browse to the site pages and log in as 'admin' with the password set during installation.

Backup all data

  • Database (example for accessing mycaldb with user "mycaluser" and password "12345")
env PGPASSWORD=12345 pg_dump --create --inserts --attribute-inserts --disable-dollar-quoting --username=mycaluser -f "mycaldb.pgdump" mycaldb
  • PostgreSql users/roles (example for mycaluser_dba + mycaluser_app)
cat /dev/null > mycaluser_dba.pgdump
sudo su -l postgres -c "pg_dumpall --roles-only" | grep -e " ROLE mycaluser_dba;" >> mycaluser_dba.pgdump
sudo su -l postgres -c "pg_dumpall --roles-only" | grep -e " ROLE mycaluser_dba " >> mycaluser_dba.pgdump
cat /dev/null > mycaluser_app.pgdump
sudo su -l postgres -c "pg_dumpall --roles-only" | grep -e " ROLE mycaluser_app;" >> mycaluser_app.pgdump
sudo su -l postgres -c "pg_dumpall --roles-only" | grep -e " ROLE mycaluser_app " >> mycaluser_app.pgdump
  • CMS configuration:
/etc/davical/caldav.example.net-conf.php
  • Apache site profile:
/etc/apache2/sites-available/caldav.example.net

Additional tips

Reset the admin password

Useful after an installation, when we want to be sure of our wanted password (example for database name "mycaldb" and password "1234")

echo "UPDATE usr SET password = '**1234' WHERE user_no=1;" | sudo su -l postgres -c "psql --dbname mycaldb"

TroubleShooting

See Problems and Solutions and Frequently Asked Questions